The Role Of Art On The Aesthetic Education Of Man By Frederik Schiller
1508 WordsApr 28, 20167 Pages
The role of art in human life has been studied by several philosophers throughout time. Frederik Schiller (1795-1805), in his “Letters On the Aesthetic Education of Man” develops the theory of the drives to explain the fragmentation of the human being and places art in a reconciliatory role between man’s personal nature and the community. The present essay will discuss in some detail Schiller’s theory of the drives, placing the main focus on the role and importance of the play-drive in human life, to finally discuss the features in Schiller’s theory of play that help elucidate the role of art in human life.
According to Schiller, men in modern society experiment a conflict between the cultivation of individual talent and the welfare of their community as a single being. This conflict results in an alienation of the being and its consequent fragmentation. Taking this into account, Schiller states there are two aspects of human nature to be considered: the sense-drive and the form-drive. The sense, or sensuous-drive, is born from man’s physical existence, and thrives to achieve constant change of matter within a limit of time (finite). It is man’s most primitive state . On the other hand, the form-drive, born from man’s rational nature, thrives to free man and maintain his person despite all the changes of his condition overlooking a limited time frame (infinite).
This duality of human nature brings forth an imbalance in man’s nature when one of the senses overpowers the