The Role Of Cities And The Countryside Play During Rome 's Empire

1649 WordsNov 13, 20167 Pages
A. In chapter 4, Carter first describes how large the Roman empire was, explaining that the territory ranged from England, across Europe to the Middle East, and even into northern Africa (44). He goes further to describe the vast territory by stating the fact that 60 to 70 million people lived within the empire, with 5-7% living in the cities (44). Carter stated these facts so that the reader would have a better gauge for how large the empire was when he begins to explain his purpose of the chapter. Carter purpose in this chapter was to explain the role the cities and the countryside play in Rome’s empire, as well as how Christians dealt with urban-rural life in Rome’s empire. B. I found Carter’s comparison of the three communities founded by Paul to be of particular interest. Carter’s explanation of the three communities in Thessalonica, Corinth, and Philippi demonstrated how each city had a unique culture, thereby requiring Paul to adapt his letters accordingly. For example, the community in Corinth imported the imperial culture into the church (59). Paul expresses his disapproval of this culture in his letter by urging cultural distance and distinctiveness from the imperial culture that he believes is immoral (60). This culture was vastly different from that of the community in Philippi. The community in Philippi had issues with wavering faith, unity, and fear (61). Paul then adapts his letter accordingly, encouraging this community to stand firm, be united, and not be
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