The Role Of Healthcare Professionals And Public Health Providers

1404 WordsApr 9, 20176 Pages
I- Introduction “Muddy water and debris quickly surged through the city 's streets, toppling homes, ripping trees from their roots, lifting cars and trucks and carrying them downstream. Many of the residents did not have enough time to climb on top of their roofs or seek refuge on higher ground….400 people were injured and 220 believed missing. President Juan Manuel Santos declared a state of emergency and said the death toll will likely rise but warned against speculating how many people remain missing. Witnesses described feeling buildings vibrate and though an alarm reportedly went off to alert residents it could not be heard throughout the city. Videos residents posted online showed vast areas filled with wood planks and debris.…show more content…
The initial request goes through the regional FEMA office. Once this is complete a Preliminary Damage Assessment is made which indicates the extent of the damage and that it cant be handled at the local level. All of this information is then passed on to the federal level where federal aide is then requested. There are two types of disaster declarations that aid can be offered for. The first is an emergency declaration, which is any event that the president declares to be an emergency. In this case the amount of funding is limited to 5 million for a single emergency event. The second category is a major declaration. The president can declare a major declaration for any natural event which includes: tornadoes, hurricanes, storms high water, snowstorm etc. A major disaster declaration provides a much wider range of assistance than the first category (3) Disasters can take on many forms. The two most common categories of disasters are Natural with the sub categories of geophysical and weather related, and the second being manmade. Examples of geophysical disasters are earthquakes and floods and weather disasters would be hurricanes and tornadoes or extreme temperatures. Examples of manmade disasters are transportation accidents, structural collapse, acts of war, hazardous material accidents and fires and explosions. (4) When looking at the different natural
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