The Role Of Hesiod 's Theogony And Works

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The role of Hesiod’s Theogony and Works & Days differ greatly. The Theogony’s main function is to catalogue the immortals and explain their origins. One of Works & Day’s roles is to define the author’s moral values as it relates to his feud with his brother Perses. This dichotomy reveals itself with the conflicting versions of Prometheus and Pandora present in the two poems. In Works and Days, Hesiod attempts to expose Perses’s mistakes through the interaction of Prometheus and his brother Epimetheus. Hesiod relates himself to Prometheus and takes great effort to portray the immortal in a positive light. Epimetheus, who could be described as Perses’ surrogate, is a fool. He takes this further by emphasizing the agency Pandora possesses in Works & Days compared to the Theogony, essentially holding his brother accountable for his actions. Also, by exploring what parts of the myth Hesiod did not modify, we can formulate what was important to the poet. Hesiod uses Works & Days as a vehicle to instruct his listeners, especially Perses, about morals and the proper way to live, resulting in huge modifications to the depiction of Prometheus, Epimetheus and Pandora, characters that are also present in his earlier work, the Theogony. According to Walcot, the conflict between Hesiod and his brother Perses is reproduced by the story between Prometheus and his brother Epimetheus. He describes this in further detail by explaining how both Hesiod and Prometheus gives counsel that falls
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