The Role Of Marine Seaweeds For Enhanced Anticoagulant Activity
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The seaweeds are a highly nutritive source for food and feed rich in minerals and dietary fibers (Burtin, 2003; Chandini et al., 2008) and they are also very rich in bioactive compounds especially their polysaccharides and polyphenols that have many health benefits (Wijesekara et al., 2011). The scientists have applied various effective techniques to extract this bioactive compounds that involved chemicals and enzymes (Heo et al., 2003; Ekanayake et al., 2008), but there are many limitations for these techniques such as complexity, chemicals toxicity and high costs (Hoe et al., 2003).
Marine lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are adapted to live in the marine habitat (Kathiresan and Thiruneelakandan, 2007) they are more suitable for the fermentation of marine biomasses and conversion of its complex macromolecules to simple compounds. The use of marine LAB isolates in the fermentation of marine seaweeds for enhanced anticoagulant activity has been reported (Shobharani et al., 2013). Moreover, the use of LAB having the probiotic properties in production of functional food can preserve the biomass and increase its value and health benefits (Taranto et al., 2003; Molinaa et al., 2012).
Therefore the present study was carried out with the objective of isolation of marine LAB having the probiotic traits to be used as a well-defined starter culture in the fermentation of marine biomasses for enhanced anticoagulant activity in an eco-friendly and cost- effective manner. It was also