The Role Of Men And Women In The 19th Century

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Joslyn (2011) stated, “Throughout history teachers are expected to teach students in a safe and nurturing environment. From the beginning of teacher contracts, expectations focused on schoolhouse duties to how a teacher should look, dress, and behave. As time has progressed, teacher expectations have moved in the direction of child safety and educating teachers and administrators in areas of sexual misconduct” (p. 31). As the focus of this study, the female teacher was significant in the development of education in American history. In the 1700’s and 1800’s era, the roles of men and women were gender specific; however, the role of the woman learned from the traditions established by her mother such as, maintaining the household, providing spiritual and education guidance to her family, and adhering to the directions of her husband. Most teachers during the Colonial era through the 19th century were young white men. However, during the summer months, young white females taught small children the alphabet who lived in their communities. During the winter session, men were recruited to schoolmasters to teach all the students in the community. The leaders of the community believed women did not have the physical stature, the socialization or authority which were essential to leading a productive school. The “male-dominated pedagogy” was atypical during the Colonial era. The belief of the “male-dominated pedagogy” is children are viewed as
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