The Role Of Protein And Carbohydrate Utilisation During Exercise

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Introduction Post-exercise nutrition, especially protein, plays an important role of the training regimen amongst athletic population. Post-exercise nutrition is used to improve performance and enhance the body’s recovery process following exercise. This review will focus on the role of protein and carbohydrate utilisation post-exercise and there effects on protein synthesis. Anabolic and catabolic processes are controlled by the neuroendocrine system in response to training. Resistance training produces a catabolic state, in which the muscle proteins are broken down. During recovery an anabolic state predominately takes over leading to muscle repair and growth (Plowman & Smith, 2014). The macronutrient protein has grasped attention during the recovery phase of exercise. Protein plays multiple important roles throughout the entire body, regulating every chemical reaction and used in the structural tissue within the human body (Brown, Miller & Eason, 2006). Supplementary protein offers three main common types of complete protein; whey, casein and egg. These complete proteins differ in the role of recovery post exercise (Campbell & Spano, 2011). The macronutrients protein and carbohydrates have their own functions within the body but work together to generate an anabolic state within the body when ingested post-exercise (Poole, Wilborn, Taylor & Kerksick, 2010). Protein and Carbohydrates The main function of protein is a regulator, including the actions of some hormones,
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