The Role Of Punishment And Its Effect On Society

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Around the world, from Asia to Europe, the United States to Great Britain, and China to Africa, there are a few principles and ideas that can be identified as being universally ingrained into any society. These principles are needed to help each society remain afloat and not become overflowed with chaos and violence. The use of punishment is one of these principles; it is useful, evitable, and common to all societies and according to Durkheim, a French sociologist who studied social cohesion, the same can be said about deviance. Punishment is practiced in a various amount of ways; it often depends on the form of government, technological innovations, population size, and morals and values found in that society as a collective. Different forms of punishment include: imprisonment, execution, decapitation, stoning, banishment, and more. Events such as the French and American Revolution, the Enlightenment period, the rise of a democracy in the government, the development of capitalism, the Industrial revolution, and the breaking away of the colonies had an impact on the evolution of punishment around the world. As time evolves, the form of punishment evolves along with. The purpose of prisons underwent a shift as well, but there was a clear division of goals between Northern states and Southern states. After the abolishment of slavery and the creation of the 13th amendment the Southern states were in dyer need of a new labor source and form of servitude for African Americans.

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