The Role Of Religion And The Rise Of Capitalism

2243 WordsNov 9, 20149 Pages
“The weber thesis” is the argument that turned Marx on his head: Instead of capitalism causing religion, religion actually caused capitalism” as stated in Collins (pg. 47). Weber goes on to stating as the Catholic Church was broke down during the 1517 by Martin Luther, he abolished the monasteries, the priests could get married but also the Bible could get translated from Latin to German so the people could read it for themselves. This meant that the priests were just like ordinary people and people could find their own way to embed their beliefs of God within their own lives. Weber then established religion was having a major effect in producing modern capitalism. Max Weber and Karl Marx are established as the two well-known theorists of the 19th Century. Many argue that there are various comparisons between these sociologist 's theories, however although Marx and Weber both examined similar ideas, they noticeably came to two drastically different conclusions. This essay will go on to critically analyse what the role of religion was in the rise of capitalism and discuss how Weber’s work was criticised by numerous sociologists e.g. Marxism and Durkheim. Weber’s theory very quickly became recognised by many, this was because it had shown an association between religious ideas and economic development. He was not arguing that capitalism in general was caused by Protestantism. He was just drawing the connection between Calvinism and a particular kind of capitalism. Both the

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