In most of the countries, there will always be two types of people: people with power, which are people that have more hierarchy than others and that will tend to have some type of power so they can make others do what they want in order to please them; and people that will do anything in order to obey the orders of those with power. When someone has some or a lot of power, eventually, they will only care for their power to increase; it is not a matter of culture, religion, ethnicity or any other aspect that some individuals may have. A few examples of this could be whenever someone obeys another person because they are eternally grateful to them, or just because they have some type of respect towards that person, finally it could be just to
Page 4 17) "He does it everywhere, he does it all the time, and no one else does it." Which attribution is the speaker likely to make? A) Dispositional B) Self-serving C) Actor-observer effect D) Temporary situation E) Situational 18) Which of the following statements about the cultural value of power distance is FALSE? A) In high power distance cultures the unequal distribution of power is acceptable to members of the culture. B) High power distance cultures tend to also be individualistic, rather than collective, cultures. C) Japan has higher power distance than Canada. D) Superiors tend to be accessible in low power distance cultures. E) Denmark has lower power distance than Mexico. 19) In a collective culture A) it may be a good idea to reward groups rather than individuals. B) loyalty to one's family or clan are downplayed. C) interdependence is
The “do as I say,” mentality has never ended well. Power has a negative effect on others because the people become afraid and weak when they are controlled and dominated.
Authority is seen as an essential part of society that is set into place to keep groups, nations, and other organizations from a chaotic downfall. Although authority may seem to be a good asset to society, some may argue that it can corrupt one’s ethics. Several experiments on authority have shown how it can play a role on an individual’s character. The presence of an authority figure forces power among individuals which can lead to unusual change in behavior to an extent that it changes one’s own moral values.
Compliance to power is instilled in every one of us from the way we are raised. Individuals have a tendency to obey orders from other individuals on the off chance that they perceive their power as ethically right and/or lawfully based. This reaction to authentic power is found out in a mixture of circumstances, for instance in the family, school, and work environment.
According to the article “Authoritarianism, socioethnic diversity and political participation across countries”; “Authoritarians are more likely to display intolerant and punitive attitudes when they perceive a threat to the social cohesion of the in-group” (Singh). This identifies that authoritarian behavior occurs when someone does not understand when something goes wrong, that they are more likely to become very upset over the situation. “Stenner (2005), for example, finds that authoritarians become more intolerant and punitive when exposed to threats to the values and institutions that characterize the in-group, while non-authoritarians tend to become more tolerant and understanding” (SINGH). This quote establishes the actions of an authoritarian; identifying their respective lack of understanding if something goes wrong, and that they are unsure of how to cope with the situation that is placed in front of them. Authoritarian personalities play a role with prejudice, in that they are judgmental of others, they perceive themselves to decidedly be right, and do not allow themselves to get to know others. This theory is very significant to American society because it does not allow people to strive to their full potential.
Yoshinaga, Kobori, Iyo, and Shimizu (2013) state that “In collectivistic cultures, harmony within the group is a higher priority than fulfilling individual goals, and norms and role expectations have a considerable impact on behavior” (p. 10). Using Japanese child-rearing as an example, they go on to explain how children who grow up being told that they must put the feelings of others before their own, and also meet the expectations and obligations of others, are more likely to develop a fear of offending other people. Since individualistic cultures generally encourage autonomousity more than self-sacrifice, it is easy to see how people in these cultures might be less susceptible to a fear of offending
According to Tom Jacobs, in his article “Rethinking the Classic ‘Obedience’ Sudies,” he mentions how some people believe that people are predisposed to follow authority figures without having any doubt, and also will quickly become somehow abusive when positioned in power. In this world most of the people are going have some experience with this topic, especially because in today’s century many people do whatever they want just because of the power they could have compared to others. Jacobs also mentions that in journal named “PLoS Biology,” “they argue that people will indeed comply with the questionable demands of authority figures—but only if they strongly identify with that person, and buy into the rightness of those beliefs;” in other
McNamara (2012) stated that prevention is one approach to handling incivility. She suggested that there should be a comprehensive and methodical approach when it comes to preventing incivility. She suggested improvements for all personnel within the hospital. McNamara (2012) suggested that nurses should aim to improve their conflict resolution skills. She also suggested that nursing managers should provide access to workshops and classes that help their nurses with improvement of conflict resolution skills. Her last suggestion was that hospital officials should display the real picture and position of nurses and hospitals to the community. McNamara (2012) also stated that there must be a clear, written standard for behavior, stating what is
There is also the social aspect here and how mainstream society's often discourage ones personal power and actively foster dependence on the
In a larger context, it is often times challenging for ethnic, racial, or social groups to be accepting of other groups. Sometimes people reside in their comfortable groups because they are intimidated by cultural differences or in more intense circumstances because of racist, sexist, or homophobic views.
Power has many different forms in the world. The paths to power are very different from person to person. Many people are considered bad because of what they have done while they are in power. This isn’t necessarily true for all people but power has the ability to create great greed and conflict. Power can be made of fear or love but it has the ability to turn people into something else.
The groups that have political power are able to show their power by creating dominant norms, values or culture. They have the power to decide what is seen to be as criminal acts and what is breaking the law in order to protect themselves and their interests and also control activities carried out by other groups. For example, those who are white, male, and wealthy and possess political power are dominants within society and those who are of the minority group and are not wealthy are named as the subordinate group. These groups are usually seen
Authoritarian Personality is a personality type in which an individual inhibits prejudice It is caused by a variety of certain circumstances, which were narrowed down by Adorno, Frenkel-Brunswik, Levinson, and Sanford during the year 1950. Through many tests and analysis of over 2,000 respondents from middle classes Whites to inmates of San Quentin State Prison, they were able to figure out the characteristics associated with authoritarian personality. The characteristics include compliance in beliefs of conventional values, not having criticism towards authority and complying to authority, and concern regarding power and toughness. Also, the intolerance of those with the authoritarian personality is related to aggression towards people that do not oblige to authority or conventional norms. Researchers believe that a rigid upbringing leads those who an authoritarian personality to treat others like how they were treated.
Harrison (1972) examines further that a power culture is characterized by a highly competitive mindset. Therefore, this culture avoids being subject to any regulation and people within the organization try to retain their power at any cost. However, this characteristic enables them to thrive in a highly competitive environment.