The Role Of Technology And Contemporary Urbanism

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Intro
Information Age
The emergence of information technologies the past two decades marked the cities’ shift to what Castells called the Information Age in his article, Space of flows, Space of places. The pervasive and increasing influence of these technologies in cities means that the realm of networks and flows transcends the built environment, altering our understanding of fundamental human experiences and destabilizing meanings of material systems and structures. Hence it is important to conceptualize the relationship between technology and contemporary urbanism,

Trope of circulation and metabolism
In Erik Swyngedouw’s Circulations and Metabolisms, he proposes to use the trope of ‘circulation’ and ‘metabolism’ as a theoretical
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In this paper, I seek to further extend the scope of the metaphors of metabolism and circulation to the discussion of big data emerging as the new form of capital in the smart city.

Big data
There is increasing literature focusing on the discussion regarding big data. However, there is yet to be a consensus regarding its definition. Keller, Koonin and Shipp’s Big data and city living – what can it do for us? offers some examples and uses of data seen in the box below :

Kitchin proposes that there are three main sources of big data : directed, automated and volunteered. He describes direct data as generated by traditional forms of surveillance, automated data as “generated as an inherent, automatic function of the device, application or system” and volunteered data as a form of “crowdsourc[ed] data wherein users generate and contribute data to a common system”. The hype of big data is the sheer amount of data that can be collected and processed, which has been touted to enable optimal performance, predict urban processes and simulate outcomes for future
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