The Role Of Women During The Era Of Tang Dynasty Of Chos Ŏ N

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The role of women has undergone numerous changes throughout the ages in South Korea, the most palpable being those of 20th century due to industrialization. This essay aims to compare the role of women nowadays with that of Confucian Chosŏn Dynasty and to explain how recent socio-economic changes influenced the development towards the current stratum of urban middle class housewives. Also, it seeks to explain the stigma behind the development of this new layer of society. Confucian Norms in Chosŏn Korea and Role of Women The era of Yi dynasty of Chosŏn Korea (1392-1910) brought many changes to the social system. In the aftermath of Hideyoshi invasions, Koreans found the traditional Confucian social norms destroyed and in an urgent need…show more content…
This shows an extreme example of a woman who does not consider herself virtuous anymore after being touched by a man other than her husband. Yangban or the ruling class seemed to be following the Confucian codes of conduct more closely than other classes. Yangban families were usually landowners; therefore yangban women would not usually be engaged in any work outside of home. However, new Neo-Confucian ideology demanded that women stay confined at home, abiding by the adage ‘men outside, women inside’. Seclusion of female line to women’s chambers, referred to as anpang, enunciated further deepening of segregation of the genders. Anpang, or the inner rooms of the house, were well hid from the sight from the street and public. The yangban status was fundamentally family-oriented and the main purpose of a wife in family was that of reproduction and serving the patrilineal family line. According to Confucian philosophy, three obediences were required from a virtuous woman: to her father as a daughter, to her husband during marriage and to her son once she reached old age. After marriage, women had to move to their in laws’ houses and were not allowed activity outside home. Due to that, they fully engaged into their role of wives and mothers. In order to fulfill this role, they had to be skilled in household management, conducting ancestral rites and others. These were contained in several educational works, namely Elementary learning, Instructions for
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