The Role of Architecture in Art History

1373 Words5 Pages
Architecture has proven to be an important part of society and culture in both art history, and human history. Art is created to reflect the values of the society that creates it, and architecture is no different. Each piece of architecture can be identified by certain characteristics that makes it a part of a specific culture. Both the Great Stupa at Sanchi, located in central India, and the Parthenon, located in Greece, are examples of architecture that share similar characteristics, however can be specified to their location and time period because of their differences. The Great Stupa at Sanchi and the Parthenon, although created for different purposes, proved to be important because of its functionality to society. Building upon an existing temple dedicated to Athena Parthenos, leader Perikles wanted to expand and build upon the temple that was unfinished because of the invasion of the Persians on Akropolis. In 447 BCE, he assigned architects Kallikrates and Iktinos to the job. In order to execute the job properly, Kallikrates and Iktinos needed to have extraordinary mathematical and mechanical skills. The Parthenon required a large group of intelligent architects, and sculptors to come together and construct the temple (Stokstad, Marilyn. "Art of Ancient Greece.” Page 131). Pericles wanted to show the wealth and dominance of the Athenian power. The majority of the funds that went into building the Parthenon cane from the Delian League funds, which was a treaty created
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