The Role of Educational Psychology in Teaching

2675 Words Dec 10th, 2012 11 Pages
The Role of Educational Psychology in Teaching

Aundrea Riley

PSY 6631: Psychological Foundations of Education

March 9, 2012

Dabney Hunter McKenzie, Ph.D.

Introduction There are many who have wondered about the place of educational psychology in teaching and learning. However, a closer look at the nature and scope of learning and teaching and the essence of educational psychology clearly shows a relationship that can be best described as mutually integral. This means that there can never be effective educational programs outside educational psychology. This paper therefore seeks to establish the lucidity of the interconnection between the two.

Background of the Study There have been
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Firstly, Callahan and King (2011) observe that the teacher is not only one who educates, but also serves as a guide to students. This means that the teacher must use educational psychology to know well, a child’s growth and development and the rate at which these are taking place. In light of this, the teacher will be able to analyze the intelligence, the interests, ability and the needs of students. This will enable the teachers to adopt the most effective technique of teaching and communication. The theoretical and practical aspects of learning can only be met when the teacher accepts that his role also takes the form of a guide. Conversely, other experts bifurcate the importance and role of educational psychology in teaching. The first case is cited as its ability to foster learning and teaching situations, whereas the second is emphatic on the use of educational psychology in learning and teaching principles. As far as the first case is concerned, without educational psychology, there can never be any efficiency in the teacher’s efforts. Crozier (2009) observes that; it is educational psychology that helps an instructor to handle every student in a classroom situation. The gravity behind this recommendation is seen in the fact that in a classroom situation, different pupils possess different abilities. Thus, it is only by applying educational psychology that the teacher can significantly appreciate the individualistic…