The Role of Hela Cell in Medical Development Essay

1780 WordsJan 31, 20118 Pages
Her name was Henrietta Lacks, but scientists know her as HeLa. She was a poor Southern tobacco farmer who worked the same land as her slave ancestors, yet her cells- taken without knowledge- become one of the most important tools in medicine (Rebecca Skloot). According to the scientists who have been growing HeLa for countless experiments, if you could pile HeLa cells ever grown onto a scale, they’d weigh more than 50 million metric tons- as much as Empire State Buildings (The NY Times). Long times ago, even during the 19th century, scientist all over the world had started to find the cure for cancer, one of the most feared disease you can ever imagine, simply because you don’t know what the cause and how to turn it off. Cancer started…show more content…
In February 1952, Jonas Salk at University of Pittsburgh announced that he’d developed the world’s first polio vaccine, but he couldn’t begin offering it to the children until he’d tested it on a large scale to prove it was safe and effective. And doing that would require culturing cells on an enormous, industrial scale, which no one had done before (Rebecca Skloot). Not long after, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt who created the national foundation for infantile paralysis (NFIP) had himself paralyzed by polio too. He take this as a wakeup call and then began starting and organizing the massive research to test the effectiveness of polio vaccines which created by Jonas Salk. However, in order to that, require a lot of money, complicated procedures and not to forget, the subject to test the vaccines (Rebecca Skloot). Since vaccines are made from inactivated cell, there are possibilities that the injected vaccines will be rejected by the body due to the immune system. One of the procedures is mixing blood serum from the vaccinated children with live poliovirus and cells in culture. If the vaccine worked, the vaccine will protect the cells and block he poliovirus but if it’s failed, worse consequences can take place. At that point, the problem is to get the cells to be tested. Scientists at the current time use monkeys which will be killed in the process. The trouble they had did not come from animal

More about The Role of Hela Cell in Medical Development Essay

Open Document