The Role of Paraphrasing and Reflecting in Counseling

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THE ROLE OF PARAPHRASING AND REFLECTING IN COUNSELING Rogerian person-centered counseling is a unique psychological intervention, largely because the counselor does not maintain the same boundaries as other counselors do in connection with traditional counseling interventions. (Kirschenbaum & Jourdan, 2005). Other approaches presume a hierarchical counselor-client relationship and a directive role for the counselor. In Rogerian counseling, the counselor participates in exchanges but in a non-directive role. The strategy of Rogerian counseling, in part, is based on reflecting and paraphrasing, designed to establish a dynamic in which the client feels sufficiently accepted. In that regard, the counselor tries to communicate unconditional acceptance so that the client can communicate without any concern about that the counselor thinks of him or worrying about the counselor's approval (Kirschenbaum & Jourdan, 2005). Instead of merely listening, analyzing, and raising issues, the Rogerian counselor uses reflecting and paraphrasing to establish an interpersonal bond and the requisite level of trust between client and practitioner by participating in a substantive bi-directional conversation based on the topics and issues raised by the client (Shanks-Glauser & Bozarth, 2001). That is a departure from traditional approaches to counseling but it is an essential component of Rogerian person-centered counseling. Ideally, the Rogerian counselor would employ active listening

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