The Role of Responsibility to Protect in Syria

3055 Words13 Pages
The end of the twentieth century brought with it a close to the era of mass human atrocities and a new understanding of how conflict worked. With the end of World War II and the solidification of state lines, no longer was conflict confined to border disputes. Increasingly so, conflicts occurred internally within the state’s own borders taking a greater toll on civilians and often escalating into violent wars. From Cambodia to Rwanda and Argentina to Bosnia, the second half of the twentieth century was riddled with genocide and the motto of “never again” continued to happen again. The twenty first century ushered in a new ideology to prevent and stop mass atrocities. With the realization that the doctrine of humanitarian intervention…show more content…
The Syrian Muslim Brotherhood lead an insurgency for many years but were put down in their stronghold city of Hama using heavy weaponry in 1982 leaving in its wake a massacre of thousands dead and wounded. This deliberate show of force kept down any further opposition until the beginning of the Arab Spring in 2011. Launching attacks on Lebanon and Israel throughout its history caused Syria to become further isolated from the west until1990 when in a rare show, it aligned with the west and other Arab states in order to stop Saddam Hussein in Iraq. After three decades of rule, Hafiz al-Asad died and was succeeded by his son, Bashar, who was also elected president through referendum. It seemed as though democratic rule would finally take hold in Syria. After the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks, President Bashar al-Asad apprehensively cooperated with the United States in order to combat al-Qaeda. This short lived collaboration terminated when President al-Asad opposed the United State’s war in Iraq. Further tensions mounted between the two countries when Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri was assassinated in 2005 and the U.S. withdrew its ambassador to Syria opening the door for Syrian alignment with Iran and other militant groups, especially Hezbollah in Lebanon. Syria’s continued subversive involvement in Lebanon and Israel have left it in a very tumultuous position within the

More about The Role of Responsibility to Protect in Syria

Get Access