Essay on The Role of Special Interest Groups in American Politics

1371 Words 6 Pages
THE ROLE OF SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS IN AMERICAN POLITICS

     Like political parties, pressure groups can be considered another system that connects the citizen more directly to government. However, at the same instant there are marked differences in both composition and function that define interest groups as different entities from larger political parties. According to V.O. Key Jr. in a composition appropriately entitled Pressure Groups; pressure groups “Ordinarily… concern themselves with only a narrow range of policies;” and unlike the goals of political parties, their intentions are to “influence the content of public policy rather than the results of elections.” Nevertheless, it is a realized fact that
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As for the struggle for opinions to be heard during these periods, it is as “if there were no elections or no concern about the nature of public opinion;” whether views of the groups are valued or not is dependent on the balance of party control within each arena.
     In addition, there are also public corybantics by pressure organizations that run parallel to the efforts in the congressional arenas of decision. “The belief often seems to be that Congressmen will be impressed by a demonstration that public opinion demands the proposed line of action or inaction.” Therefore, special interest groups “organize publicity campaigns and turn up sheaves of editorials in support of their position.” Often
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