The Role of Transportation in Developing Nations

811 WordsFeb 21, 20183 Pages
Transport plays a great role in developing nations. The richest and most powerful nations in the world have an efficient transport systems. As Maciulis (2009) explained by saying that: Investments into transport infrastructure are aimed at additional transport capacity, increased reliability and a better quality of transport services. This in turn lead to lower transport costs as well as to shorter transit times. Besides, better transport infrastructure is the core element for business expansion. Summarizing the above presented ideas, we have better productivity and competitiveness which is the backbone of economic growth. (p. 94) Transportation facilities are evolving as the human need requires, and today we have a variety in transportation, such as automobile, bus, truck, subway, train, ship and airplane, that are used to transport people, food and finished products. Despite the many benefits that transportation provides it also causes some problems. Litman (2012) says that some effects to health and the environment, for example, climate change, come from the greenhouse gases produced by motor vehicles. As more cars are built and used, the transportation is impacting environmental systems, because it is a dominant source of emission of most pollutants and land is destroyed to make way for roads. Problems like climate change, soil quality, air quality, water quality, and land take are increasingly present. The world will always need to develop, but we can not
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