The Role the Education System Has as an Agent of Socialization from the Conflict Perspective.

1737 Words Mar 25th, 2013 7 Pages
The education system has impacted children in many ways and has helped to shape the future leaders of society. In this essay my focus will be from the Conflict/ Marxist perspective, which proposes that the education system is structured in such a way that some persons will benefit from it more than others and that it is intended to cause social reproduction of inequality. Sociologists and economists Herbert Gintis and Samuel Bowles argue (as cited in Haralambos and Holborn, 2004 p. 698) that “there is a “close correspondence” between the social relationships which govern personal interaction in the work place and the social relationships of the education system.” The education system in today’s society is considered one of the most …show more content…
According to Ballantine and Hammack. (2009) “critics argue that schools are ‘reproducing’ social classes and maintaining the social hierarchy with education policies and practices that select students for higher track. Yet some policies such as testing give the ‘appearance’ of equality.” This argument can be used to relate to the situation of the education system present in the Antiguan society, where it is training and placing persons in society. The Common Entrance Exam (CEE) and the Caribbean Secondary Education Certificate (CSEC) are forms of testing for both primary and secondary students to display their intelligence and have the opportunity to lay the ground work to become a “successful” individual later on in life. It is said to be a fair form of testing where no matter your social class in society you have “equal opportunity” to, in the case of the Common Entrance Exam, get the “best’ form of secondary education, and with the CSEC, gain a tertiary level education. However, this concept of “equal opportunity” through the policy of testing in this instance is somewhat flawed, since persons who are in the Upper class who have the means and the capital through which to access the best form of education often do. These persons are often able to acquire the necessary help for their children to do well in the Common Entrance Exams and therefore get the best form of education, or they decide to pay