Essay on The Roles and Functions of Law

881 Words Nov 5th, 2012 4 Pages
The Roles and Functions of Law
LAW/421
September 9, 2012

The Roles and Functions of Law
The longest serving Supreme Court Judge William O Douglas most popular quotations is “Common sense frequently makes great law” This quote is what laws are rules and regulations that make common sense is, and to enforced ethical decision. Laws help the public as well as keep many parts in community. In business and society laws serve several roles and functions, and this paper will discuss those roles and functions.
Functions of Law
Law is defined as: “body of rules of actions or conducts determined by a regulating authority as well as having legal binding force” (Melvin, 2011 pg.18). Many people would define law is basically regulations as well
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The first type of law that will be discussed is criminal and civil laws. Criminal laws are a protection of society, and the violation of criminal laws results in penalties to the violator such as fines and imprisonment. Example or criminal law would deal with the prosecution of a crime, such as one person hitting another with their car. Civil law is the law through which private parties may bring lawsuits against one another for any wrongdoings. An Example is if someone got into a car crash and gets injured they would sue the other party for monetary compensation (Melvin, 2011, pg.18).
Substantive and Procedural Law
Substantive laws provide individuals with rights and create certain duties. An example of substantive law is a breach of contract like a roofer did not finish their job and it rained and cause roof damage. Procedural law Procedural law is a term used to describe a set of rules governing how all aspects of a court case are conducted, including the event that occurs before, during, and after the trial. For example bankruptcy courts often have their own unique rules for conducting a suit (WiseGeek.com).
Public and Private Laws
Public law is the framework of guidelines defining the relationship between the government and individuals, and private law is the guidelines through which individuals or groups interact with one another (Bushman, 2007). An example of public law is speed limits are in place for public safety. Examples of
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