The Roman Catholic Church 's Influence And Governance Over Europe Throughout The Middle Ages

1936 WordsNov 13, 20168 Pages
This essay will identify and examine the significance of the Roman Catholic Church’s influence and governance over Europe throughout the Middle Ages. For the purposes of this essay, the Middle Ages refers to the period between the Conversion of Constantine in 313CE and the onset of the Renaissance Period during the early 14th century. In addition, this essay will examine and account for change in the institution and theology of the Roman Catholic Church. It will identify the nature and importance of continuity and the diversity of causes and outcomes of the Church’s influence through a range of historical perspectives. Since the conversion of Constantine in 313CE, Christianity transformed from a persecuted, unorganized group of believers into a hierarchical, European-dominating institution over the course of the Middle Ages. Developing alongside the changing political environment of post-Roman Europe, the Roman Catholic Church became the single most dominant institution in medieval life, its influence pervading almost every aspect of people 's lives. Catholicism influenced the calendar, significant events and rituals such as baptism, confirmation, marriage and penance, and mainstream spiritual and ethical beliefs. Most people were fully convinced of the validity of the church 's teachings and believed that only the faithful would avoid hell and gain eternal salvation in heaven. By the Norman Conquest of England in 1066CE, Christianity had “conquered” the totality of Europe.

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