The Roman Empire And The Romans

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In Roman history, it is often true that history was written by the victors, and given the large expansion of the Roman Empire, the Romans likely wrote over the accounts of the civilizations they took over, adapting the new provinces into their way of life and assimilating Roman culture into new facets of outlying territories way of life. The Roman Empire and Augustus had the ambition to expand north, going east of the Rhine where they had never gone, to take over new territory and the tribes that inhabited it. The leader of the greatest tribe in the area, Arminius, had been a citizen of the Roman empire and had fought for the Romans, and the shattering defeat the Roman military suffered at the hands of Arminius and his smaller band of men at the Battle of Teutoburg Forest served as a double blow since Arminius had been a Roman elite commander. According to the Roman side of history, Arminius was a traitor who destroyed his dignitas and his Roman values, but because he appeared to have never actually been a sympathizer of Rome, violating these mores of Roman society are only offensive to them, and not to the commander himself or Germania. To understand why this “betrayal” was of paramount importance to the context of the battle, it is beneficial to understand the history of Arminius. According to Peter Wells’, Arminius was born between 18 and 16 B.C.E.1 He is of Germanic descent, of the Cherusci tribe. This tribe was one of many, and considered one of the most powerful in
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