The Roman Empire : The Structure Of The Roman Empire

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The Structure of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire is regarded as one of the largest, if not the largest, civilization ever recorded in history. In 45BC, Julius Caesar took over as the first dictator of Rome after he defeated Pompey in a civil war which marked the end of the Roman Republic. In the quest to bring back the republic, Julius Caesar was assassinated By Brutus in 44BC. This however did not bring back the republic but lead to another civil war. Augustus Caesar took over in 27BC as the first emperor and this marked the beginning of the Roman Empire. This essay aims at explaining the whole structure of the Roman Empire in both economic and political sense. During his reign, Augustus restored the public monuments, the Temples of God being among the first on the list. He also sponsored the construction of other monuments meant to protect the Roman pride. He was appointed as the high priest after reviving priesthood; this gave him both the secular and religious leadership authorities. As part of his religious reforms, he reintroduced the Lustrum ceremony, Lupercalia festival and other past ceremonies and festivals (Peter and Saller, 2014). He also established a cult which worshipped the Emperor as their god. After a few decades, this cult had spread throughout most of the empire. He did all these with the hope of restoring the traditional Roman religion. During the first two centuries, the emperor was known as the ‘first citizen’. He had absolute authority on the
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