The Roman Pantheon: The Parthenon In Athens

Decent Essays
Dear peers,

This week written assignment for your kind review.

Thank you very much!

Ancient Greek and Italy are the European cultural matrix. Although they both have much to offer, but for me, their temples provide an excellent introduction to the birthplaces of western civilization, and these historic buildings are showpiece structures in the two countries. Let’s look at them respectively, meanwhile, trace an analogy and difference between them in the following.

First and foremost, the Parthenon in Athens is a precursor of Doric temples, built in the 5th century BCE. As The British Museum (n.d.) indicated, it “had a number of refined architectural features that made it special such as gently curving columns and base”(p.4), which the
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Similarly, the Roman Parthenon also had the large marble-floored hall, but they utilized concrete, brick, as well as bronze elements to enhance the quality and design. Nevertheless, “the Pantheon combines a clearly Roman, cylindrical structure with the splendid outer colonnade of Greek inspiration”(Italy Guides, 2017).

Stylistically, the Parthenon in Athens had superior craftsmanship. From sheer scale and rich ornament, the Roman Pantheon takes some beating, and it made a significant breakthrough in the architectural history, which it was revolutionary in both building material and technique. On the other hand, though the Roman Pantheon inherited the characteristic of fine details from the Greek one, but its creators rather developed their own.

On balance, these two holy buildings all serve as a public place for worship in terms of function. Additionally, nowadays they become a mecca for tourists, which in a way they not only turn to be an arts-and-leisure center that beckon the visitors in, also play a role as Roman and Greek cultural ambassadors that represent their unique heritage. Notwithstanding, each building varies in facade, size, and architectural
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