The Roman Republic, A Period Of Ancient Rome

1901 Words Jan 27th, 2015 8 Pages
The Roman Republic was a period of ancient Rome that traditionally dates from 509 BC, after the fall of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, and ending with the formation of the Roman Empire in 27 BC. Many since have questioned whether the political system of the Republic was in fact a democracy; the argument is yet to come to a head. Democracy comes from the Greek word ‘demokratia’, it is derived from the word ‘demos’ meaning people and ‘kratos’ meaning power. The term democracy is commonly accepted in modern day society as ‘A form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.’ In this case, the Roman Republic certainly had democratic aspects of its political system. The senate was a governing body of the Republic and consisted of a permanent group of 300; they approved legislation, provided advice and controlled foreign relations. There were also 360 annually elected magistracies who aimed to achieve uncontested order. In addition to this, there were many other roles in the political system of the Roman Republic; including consuls, censors and the Tribunes of the Plebeians, which all had varying roles within the system. The issue of whether the Roman Republic was a democracy or not has likely come from the fact that the political system looks different from every angle. Polybius, who was a Greek politician writing mainly in the second century BC, agreed with this argument…
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