The Romantic Period and the Victorian Age in Great Britain Essays

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The Romantic Period (1785-1830) was a very turbulent period, during which England experienced the ordeal of change from a primarily agricultural society to a modern industrial nation. French Revolution and storming of the Bastille had a great influence on English society and literature. It influenced almost every sphere of life.

The Victorian Age (1830-1901) was a period of great progress and prosperity for the nation. This was a period in which industry, technology, and science were celebrated with renewed vigor. Because of the rapid extension of colonialism England became a very powerful empire and preeminent center of world power.

The comparison of these two periods is not easy, but I will try to discuss and compare a couple of, in
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Britain was also economically involved in the American Civil War. British interests in China were threatened by the Boxer Rebellion against foreign influence. British troops were also fighting in Africa to defend British possessions there.

The "Industrial Revolution" had begun in the mid-eighteenth century with improvements in machines for processing textiles. New machines and power tools replaced hand tools, transforming agricultural nation into an urbanized, industrialized one. The home industry was destroyed, agricultural laborers were paid less than subsistence wages, and land fell into fewer, more powerful hands. Workers had no legal recourse and no right to vote. In cities a large new working class developed. Most of these people were poor factory workers who faced long working hours, harsh treatment and bad health. Children and women were also used for work because they were a cheap source of labor, easy to discipline and easy to recruit. In addition the introduction of new machines resulted in further loss of jobs, what provoked workers to destroy the machines.

For the rich it was a period of extravagance and lavish social display.

Scientific achievements in the areas of geology, chemistry, physics and astronomy flourished during the Romantic Age. In medicine, the amount of hospitals increased and medical treatment in childbirth got better. However the general state…