The Provence up-cycled chair, Skeletal Wall clock and Persian rug are a wonderful step back into the Victorian era, making a vital connection to the original house. The curves of these items plus the Victorian techniques of bending wood with the use of steam were an inspiration for the contemporary furniture and lighting. These items include the Cork side tables, X coffee table, C12 Chair, Loungers and Stem lighting by Tom Raffield. These shapes form a visual echo, helping the eclectic space to gel by finding common ground within the shapes. The space draws energy from the contrasting textures of the re-cycled plastic bottle Nova ceiling light, textile Wall Hanging, smooth Knot Forgotten vases, wool Blanket and the metal hubcap Husky Pup sculpture. The scheme falls in place by incorporating natural colours such as the ‘nature’ inspired artwork and the soft relaxed colours of Palladium Blue paint on the west facing wall in contrast to the timeless warm greige colour of Willow Creek on the North facing wall. Whilst the long east-facing wall remains exposed brick, as this will help to reduce the use of raw materials such as water, waste and packaging used to add finishes such as plaster and paint. In addition, the high thermal mass of the exposed brick will help to store natural energy absorbed by the sun and release it over time, helping to reduce the use of
John Young and Isaac Davis built the first ‘Western style’ building, Kailua-Kona, in Hawaii in 1795. Afterwards, three more brick palaces were constructed in Lahaina. These designs were very much like the Lahaina prison shown in previous pages. Even though Western brick houses slowly became predominant, “traditional grass hale were still prevalent, though adobe and coral block houses were also being built near Honolulu harbor” (“Hawaii History”).
The origins of tea are rooted in China (Food Timeline). According to legend, the beneficial properties of tea were first discovered by the Emperor Shen Nung in the year 2737 B.C. He drank only boiled water for hygienic purposes, and one day while he drank a breeze rustled the branches of a tree and a few leaves fell into his cup. Creating the first cup of tea. It is challenging to know whether or not the emperor was real or just a part of the spiritual and cultural development of ancient China. China was not unified as an empire until the third century, so it is unlikely emperors existed back then. One thing that is known is that tea was popular in China thousands of years ago. The first written reference of tea is in the third century B.C. A famous surgeon recommended the beverage to patients to increase concentration and alertness. Tea was first written as “tu” in ancient texts. This caused a good deal of confusion because the same Chinese character was used for both tea and Chinese sow thistles. Between 206 B.C. and A.D. 220 a Han Dynasty emperor ruled that when referring to tea, the characters should be pronounced as “cha”. From here on, tracing tea’s history became easier because tea acquired its own individual character (Food Timeline).
Elsie de Wolfe designed during the Victorian movement, however “had adopted the 1890’s preference for Neoclassicism” (Smith, 22). Unlike the cluttered and dark interiors of an average Victorian interior, her interiors were, “in the words of one visitor, ‘[models] of simplicity’” (Smith, 20). She redecorated the once cluttered dining room of her apartment in the
It was and is most often the events that pertained to social interactions that were considered more significant than others. When performed indoors, in the eighteenth century, Carson explains, the settings where daily activities such as the taking of meals, tea taking, and entertaining company occurred were often differentiated in part by either architectural embellishments or specialized furnishings. “People with genteel sensibilities had a keen eye for such place-markers.” Sometimes use of a particular room is determined through investigative field work. However, as Dr. Carson points out, “those clues are rare.” The routines of daily living that helped shape domestic interiors, and in houses in particular, variations of habit and behavior differ widely putting “field-worker’s powers of observation to the test when investigating historic dwellings.” Sometimes, he expounds, special equipment or built-in furniture in the form of ovens, buffets or valance hooks used for suspending bed curtains gives investigators clear indication as to the activities that took place there. Those clues are few and far between. More often these completely empty architectural spaces contain very few clues as to their original function. Most rooms had to be furnished before they could perform their intended tasks. Some of the most fascinating evidence for the types of furnishings and goods that once filled these rooms are found in surviving probate inventories of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Probate inventories can give us specific information about individual goods individual rooms contained. In Charleston an abundance of historic probate records survive, and can be found peppered throughout the city in various collections and archives. Frustratingly however, even in the case of many of the surviving room-by-room probate inventories, rooms designations are listed only vaguely,
Tea was declared the National Drink of England in 1784. The eighteenth century saw the transformation of tea as an everyday necessity for the poor and working class of the British society. To meet the domestic demand at home, the British East India Company imported great volumes of tea from China. The tea import increased from an estimated 64 tons in 1711 to 6800 tons in 1791. Even heavy import tax could not deter an increasingly expanding domestic market for the Chinese tea. As tea drinking had become obsession with the British society, consumption of tea replaced home-brewed beer, gin, milk and traditional infusions of indigenous plants. This great transformation in the consumption pattern of British society led to the commodification of
In the Wikipedia article called Japanese housing written in March 28, 2018, it states that there was no designated use for a room except for the Genkan (shoe room), toilet, and Ofuro (bath). Any room can easily be transformed into the desired size using fusuma, sliding doors that create rooms when needed. This shows that the Japanese value flexibility because of the many ways you can arrange a Japanese house. In the article Shinden Zukuri Estates of the Heian Period written by Anthony Bryant, it says that the undeveloped space between two rooms or in the main courtyard was often filled with nature. They placed one dominant tree, smaller trees, and an artificial pond in the open space. Women were named after the dominant tree in the area that their pavilion faced. This demonstrates the fact that the Japanese value nature greatly in their homes and even name people after trees on the property. Shinden Zukuri values both nature and flexibility because of ponds and trees that they add to the home for decoration and the fusuma screens that allow for the transfiguration of rooms at
Because it was peaceful during this time the population grew and this caused a scarcity of land so they started building houses that were over two stories. A popular style of residential architecture was the sukiya style. Great examples of this is Katsura Detached Palace. In this style they use plain lines and decor and used wood in it’s natural
The words which Kawabata uses to describe a bowl used to drink tea brings attention to the elegance of the Japanese Tea Ceremony; in fact, the Oribe was “four hundred years old […] as tea masters have looked after it and passed it down through the centuries” (Kawabata 19-20). Tea practitioners must have recognized certain appealing qualities in the tea vessels that deemed them worthy of being passed down from generation to generation. Dick and Jane and the Japanese Tea Ceremony both place emphasis on beauty, with a detailed characterization of aesthetic elements.
The custom first began in China, but became something more refined in Japan, where it crested in the Momoyama period. Around the 15th and 16th centuries The Japanese Tea Ceremony offered Japanese a momentary break from everyday worries. The traditions spread to social groups like wealthy merchants and the samurai. The samurai would exhibit their prized collections, Chinese objects, like lacquers (used to decorate wood furniture), paintings, and
Since the dawn of Modern Architecture, the use of ornamentations on structures has been questioned for its purpose. Many buildings, from Greek or Roman temples, to our modern-day skyscraper can be recognized as having ornamentation. Mass and proportion have been cited as being the priority of a design. Architect Louis Sullivan believes ornamentation should have a purpose and be integrated the relationship of the building’s structure. The Hollyhock House’s harmonious use of ornamentation does not distract from the mass and proportions of the building and therefore aligns with Architect Louis Sullivan’s views on ornaments in architecture.
A new design of inscription on the body of the teapot emerged during Shi’s visit to Loudong (modern-day Taicang of the Jiangsu province), a place where many tea connoisseurs resided. Wu Qian did not mention whether Shi had personally meet with Chen Jiru (hao Meigong, 1558-1639), Wang Xijue (1534-1614) and Wang Shizhen (1526-1590), all of whom were well-known local elite in Loudong; however, it was clear that Shi, at some points, had heard of some of their theories of tea tasting and decided to make some new changes to his teapots. Since most of the artisans were not trained to be calligraphers, Shi like all of his contemporary potters, either stamped or carved his personal seals at bottom of the teapots with a bamboo knife during the
The architecture “norm” for aristocratic homes was in the Shinden-zurkuri style, “which was clearly based on the principle that the individual parts of the building should be merged as much as possible into the garden” (Yoshida, p.12). The main building, named the Shinden, represented the area reserved for the master himself, and always opened up to the south side of the garden. There were corridors, or tai-no-ya, connecting the Shinden to the rest of the buildings in the complex. There corridors created an enclosure which is where a lake would be placed and where the stroll garden was erected.
Chen Zongmao’s book supports the whole view of my research paper. It introduces the development of tea in different historic stages, and especially focuses on the culture of tea in different time. Moreover, it states Chinese tea from all the aspects such as tea’s category, how to drink tea, how to plant etc. This book is like a tea Encyclopedia that le
Japanese Tea Sets are one of the prized heirloom pieces in Asia because of their lasting quality, and timeless, usually rare, designs being one of Asia's oldest and finest handicrafts. Using them for serving Japanese green tea or black tea is not just best left as an Asian tradition, as each of them is, basically, made to bring out the best flavor and aroma of high-grade or low-grade Japanese tea, which is key to giving yourself and your guests the finest tea-drinking experience.