The Roots of Islamic Revolution in Iran

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ROOTS OF IRANIAN REVOLUTION at 1979 Nail KAYAPINAR The objective of this paper is realize the main reasons of the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979 and see what is changed by revolution. In 1979, a drastic change has been occurred in Iran. It was a revolution in the true sense of the concept for its lust for justice, liberty and equality. It was also a popular uprising against imperialism of which all revolutions had the same stand. But it has also many novelties not to the theory, but for the Islamic perspectives. First and foremost, it was a breaking point within the Islamic history in general and within the Shi’ite tradition in particular1. To understand and anlyze; todays politic norms ,practical politics of Iran it is so important…show more content…
Untill XVI.century, in other words untill Safevi Dynasty, shi’ism was not a popular denomnation in Iran. After Safevi domination started in Iran shi’ism become national religion of Iran. At first period of XVII. Century the era of Nadir Shah (1736-47), pover of Shi’ism was reduce. After this period sub group of shi’ism Ahbaris and Usulis started to struggle with each other. Usulis strongly advocated the instution “müçtehit” that implement “içtihat” ( indvidual jurisdiction at interpretion religion law or doctirine), altouhgh Ahbaris argue that each muslim must behave according to Quaran and The Imams.2 In the end of this Usulis won the struggle. So this growth of the Usuli ulama was thus reinforced by their ability to perform educational, judicial, and legitimation functions of the Qajar state.3 Usulis accepted not only the legal authory that have right to express opinion about Islamic Law, they also the people whose decisions consider as rules that people have to obey them. Ayetullah Humeyni comes from usuli scholarship also. At XVII. Cntury ulema became effective on most law instution. At IIXX. Century dynasty in Iran in the confilict and struggles among thirty different group for seize authority led to both a large gap in political authority and start bad reletions between ulama and goverment. At this era that there is no political authority ulama took had authority on the local adminstration, legislation,
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