The Roots of the Terrorist Attacks of 9/11

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The causes of the 9/11 terrorist attacks are rooted deeper than most Americans realize. The trail of historical events that led to this catastrophe are widely unknown. Many Americans believe that the war on terror began with the tragedy of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and ended with the death of Osama Bin Laden, but in reality, the war on terror has a long and complicated history. This paper will explore the historical events that culminated in the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001..
In 1978, a communist government gained control of Afghanistan. The Soviet Union supported the new government, but the unrest of Afghan citizens with this regime was so great it prompted a “Jihad” or holy war(Jacobson, 31).
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This failure, however, did not deter al Qaeda.
Meanwhile in Sudan, al Qaeda continued to grow and extended its reach outside of the Middle East while Bin Laden's business cover allowed the organization to gain explosives and weapons. Under pressure from the United States and Saudi Arabia, the country of Sudan had no choice but to have Bin Laden leave (Bergen). Bin Laden and other various al Qaeda officials left Sudan in 1996 and flew to a Taliban run Afghanistan, a haven for extremist Muslims. This allowed al Qaeda the freedom of movement that they did not have in Sudan (Jacobson,38). Al Qaeda set up at least two terrorist training camps and grew more powerful and bold. In 1998 Osama Bin Laden published a fatwa that called for the murder of any American anywhere saying, “"It is far better for anyone to kill a single American soldier than to squander his efforts on other activities"(“The 9/11”, 47). Then, six months later on August 7, 1998, bomb laden trucks were driven into American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. These attacks killed 12 Americans and 234 people total. These were the first attacks by al Qaeda against the U.S., but would certainly not be the last (Jacobson, 38).
The 9/11 attack plans took years to create and carry out. Khalid Sheik Mohammed began thinking of

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