The Ruhr valley was one of the most industrialised places in Germany in the 1940’s. Over 8.5

800 Words4 Pages
The Ruhr valley was one of the most industrialised places in Germany in the 1940’s. Over 8.5 million people lived in the Ruhr valley with a population density of 2,800/km2. There are also several different cities each bordered by 3 different rivers. The Ruhr, the Rhine and the Lippe. The Nazis took advantage of the rivers and built 3 different dams on each river which were used to produce hydroelectric power in order to power steel factories. The Ruhr valley was the fifth largest urban area in Europe and was known for the mining and steel industry. The idea of operation Chastise came from Barnes Willis who decided to invent a bomb that could take down huge aircraft carriers. However the bomb was soon considered for the destruction of…show more content…
The optimum time to attack the dams was in the spring when the reservoirs were full. This meant that when the approval for the mission came through it left very little time for Barnes Willis and his team to design the weapons for the mission. The plans for the modification of the aircrafts and weapons took place only 11 months before the actual raid. The Aircrafts were modified so they could fly 100 feet from the water surface. This meant much of the internal armour was removed, as was a mid upper machinegun in order to reduce weight. The bomb was such an odd shape that the bomb bay doors were removed in order to fit the bomb itself as well as an auxiliary motor. The bomb was hung below the fuselage of the aircraft and mounted on two crutches. Before the dropping of the bomb, it was spun by an auxiliary motor, which enabled the bomb to skim along the water surface. Intensive training began for the mission, not only training to fly at an altitude of 60 ft from the surface and at a speed of 250 mph, but also training in pitch black conditions. There were many technical issues to be solved, including how far from the target the aircraft had to be in order to drop the bomb plus its height and the speed. The squadron received a delivery of 13 bombs on the 15th may , 1943. They also had their final training on the same day. The squadron was soon briefed by Gibson and Wallis and was divided into 3 main groups which were as

More about The Ruhr valley was one of the most industrialised places in Germany in the 1940’s. Over 8.5

Open Document