The Russian Revolution And The Soviet Revolution

1749 Words7 Pages
In 1917, two revolutions completely changed the constitution of Russia. The Russian Monarchy was removed from power, placing Lenin and the Bolshevik party as the head of the newly formed Soviet Russia, resulting in the formation of the world 's first communist country. Traditional culture of the Imperial Russia was cast aside and a new Soviet culture began to take shape. The rise of the Bolsheviks ensued major reforms which predominantly focused on wide spread cultivation and spreading of Marxist-Leninist ideology throughout the whole of society. One of the most significant was the proclamation of a new philosophical idealism that strove to shape the populace, predominantly the proletariat, to develop a “New Man”. This philosophical notion, paired with the objectives and ideology of the Soviet administration, has been labelled as “The New Soviet Man”. Before 1917, a large percentage of the soviet population was illiterate and still accustomed to the old traditional ways. In order to combat this, the “New Soviet Man” was used as a medium in an attempt to eliminate old social norms which lingered from the former regime, and to try and develop new citizens for a new, communist society. Various means were used to attain this unification of social consciousness. Propaganda through the arts, literature, and education were considered the key channels to creating the ideal human being, the “New Soviet Man”, and so the Bolshevik reforms attempted to establish a Marxist-based
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