The Russo-Japanese War Essays

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The Russo-Japanese War


The Russo Japanese war was a conflict between Russia and Japan in
1904-1905. The cause of the war was because Russia wanted to expand
into Asia and ran into Japanese plans for gaining a foothold on Asia
main land. In 1898 Russia leased Port Arthur from china, with the
intention of making it into a great Asiatic port and the headquarters
of Russian naval power in the pacific. Russia already had troops in
Manchuria during the boxer rebellion in 1900, but Russia had to face
the anglo-japanese alliance of 1902, which promised to leave Chinese
territory. The promise was not kept and in June 1903 Japan proposed a
mutual agreement recognising japans interest in Korea and
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And the Japanese army and navy were far better prepared
and equipped than the Russian forces and won a series of major
victories.

The reason why the Russian forces were not successful against Japanese
was not because their troops fought badly, but their military
commanders had not prepared effectively and this allowed the Japanese
to out manoeuvre the Russians unimaginative strategy.

In march, 1904 the first Japanese army landed in Korea and Namp'o, it
then face the Russians on Yalu river and the Russian commander decided
to hold the defensive until reinforcements arrived for them to move
offensive.

The Japanese commander built up a 4-1 troop advantage and forced a
passage across the Yalu on May 1. The Japanese losses were about 1,100
out of 40,000 men and the Russians lost some 2,300 out of 7,000
troops.

During May the Japanese second army landed on the Liaodong peninsula,
and severed communications between Port Arthur and Manchuria and then
the Japanese won the battle of Nanshan (May 30) and besieged Port
Arthur. The Japanese third army landed on the eastern coast of Korea
and then the fourth army landed at Gushan on the Manchurian coast. The
Russian forces moved to Liaoyang and the Japanese defeated Russian
force of 25,000 at Wafangdian on June 14, the Japanese began…