The Russo-Japanese War Essays

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The Russo-Japanese War

The Russo Japanese war was a conflict between Russia and Japan in 1904-1905. The cause of the war was because Russia wanted to expand into Asia and ran into Japanese plans for gaining a foothold on Asia main land. In 1898 Russia leased Port Arthur from china, with the intention of making it into a great Asiatic port and the headquarters of Russian naval power in the pacific. Russia already had troops in Manchuria during the boxer rebellion in 1900, but Russia had to face the anglo-japanese alliance of 1902, which promised to leave Chinese territory. The promise was not kept and in June 1903 Japan proposed a mutual agreement recognising japans interest in Korea and
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And the Japanese army and navy were far better prepared and equipped than the Russian forces and won a series of major victories.

The reason why the Russian forces were not successful against Japanese was not because their troops fought badly, but their military commanders had not prepared effectively and this allowed the Japanese to out manoeuvre the Russians unimaginative strategy.

In march, 1904 the first Japanese army landed in Korea and Namp'o, it then face the Russians on Yalu river and the Russian commander decided to hold the defensive until reinforcements arrived for them to move offensive.

The Japanese commander built up a 4-1 troop advantage and forced a passage across the Yalu on May 1. The Japanese losses were about 1,100 out of 40,000 men and the Russians lost some 2,300 out of 7,000 troops.

During May the Japanese second army landed on the Liaodong peninsula, and severed communications between Port Arthur and Manchuria and then the Japanese won the battle of Nanshan (May 30) and besieged Port Arthur. The Japanese third army landed on the eastern coast of Korea and then the fourth army landed at Gushan on the Manchurian coast. The Russian forces moved to Liaoyang and the Japanese defeated Russian force of 25,000 at Wafangdian on June 14, the Japanese began