The Rwandan Genocide Essay

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For years, Rwanda has been a hotbed of racial tension. The majority of the Rwandan population is made up of Hutu's, with Tutsi's making up the rest of it. Ever since European colonial powers entered the country and favoured the Tutsi ethnic group over the Hutu by putting Tutsi people in all important positions in society, there has been a decisive political divide between the two groups. This favouring of the Tutsi over the Hutu, and the Hutu subjugation as an ethnic lower class resulted in the civil war and revolution of 1959, where the Hutu overthrew the Tutsi dominated government, and resulted in Rwanda gaining their independence in 1962. However, tension remained between the two ethnic groups, with a civil war raging between the…show more content…
The United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda was a mission designed to help carry-out the conditions set forth in the Arusha Accords, which were signed in 1993, with the purpose of ending the Rwandan Civil War. The UN was aware of the situation in Rwanda, and the tension between the two ethnic groups, well before the genocide was committed. After April 6th, with the death of the president and the ensuing call-to-arms, one of the first victims of the genocide was the Prime Minister, and her bodyguard of 10 Belgian UN commandos. The mission the UN soldiers were deployed on did not have sufficiently provide instructions regarding whether they could use force retaliate to fighting, so they surrendered their weapons to presidential troops when asked, only to then be captured, tortured and murdered at the enemies compound. As a result, the Belgian government and other contingents of the UNAMIR called for the immediate withdrawal of all troops. Out of the original 2,500 troops, Lieutenant-General Romeo Dallaire stayed behind with only 270 UNAMIR soldiers to assist the Tutsi people. A request for immediate reinforcements of 5,000 troops was sent out by Lieutenant-General Dallaire, which was denied by the UN. Eventually, on 17th May 1994, the UNSC agreed to deliver 5,500 troops and other much-needed equipment to the UNAMIR troops. The UN troops focused on evacuating foreign nationals, and

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