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The Sacrificial System in the Hebrew Scriptures Essay

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The Sacrificial System in the Hebrew Scriptures
Korban Chova: Obligatory Sacrifices
Korban Khatat-Sin Offerings (Literally “sacrifices due to sin”)
Introduced in Leviticus 6:24-30, this was a mandatory sacrifice due to sin as defined in the Torah. This was most commonly based on negligence of the commandment broken and was offered on the northern side of the altar (which was out of view of the people) so as not to publicly humiliate the sinner (the Olah was conducted in the same manner). Based on social standing it would consist of the following:
High Priest: A bull without blemish
Congregation: A bull without blemish
An authority over the people: A male goat without blemish
Individual: Female goat or lamb without blemish
In
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smoke) Burnt Offerings. This offering was brought to the courtyard of the Tabernacle. The offerer would lean over the animal, place his hands on the animal’s head (s’mikhah yedayim), and confess the sin he was committing. One priest would hand the offerer a knife, while the other priest collected the blood from when the offerer cut the throat of the animal and then would sprinkle it on the four corners of the altar. The organs were removed, cleaned and then burnt on the altar with the rest of the animal.
Introduced in Leviticus 6:8-13, this was a free-will sacrifice. Based on wealth it could consist of the following:
Upper Class: Bull without blemish
Middle Class: Male Sheep or goat without blemish
Lower Class: Turtledoves or young pigeon
The purpose behind this offering was to atone for sin
The Portions:
God’s portion: the entirety of the sacrifice
Priestly portion: none
Offerer’s portion: none
Korban Mincha- (Literally “Present”) Flour Offerings. This offering accompanied all Korban Olah, but was an option for the extremely poor to offer in the place of Olah. The offering consisted of flour that would be placed in a pan, mixed with oil until a fragrant smell was realized. The priest then measured out three handfuls and burnt it on the altar, but care was made to ensure that the flour didn’t rise (leaven).
Introduced in Leviticus
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