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The Sarbanes-Oxley Act Literature Review

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The Sarbanes-Oxley Act was enacted by Congress in 2002 in response to accounting fraud scandals involving several large corporations including Enron, WorldCom, HealthSouth and Tyco. (Reed, Pagnattaro, Cahoy, Shedd, & Morehead, 2013) The bill’s purpose was to protect investors from accounting fraud by mandating strict reforms in financial disclosures, appointing an audit oversight board (PCAOB), and increasing the SEC’s power regarding governance issues. Although there have been some mixed feelings regarding the implementation of stricter government controls through legislation, the forced compliance seems to have largely had a positive impact on the auditing procedure. (Reed, Pagnattaro, Cahoy, Shedd, & Morehead, 2013)
PCAOB Independence
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