The Sarbanes-Oxley Act Essay

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Introduction The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, or SOX Act, was enacted on July 30, 2002. Since it was enacted that summer it has changed how the public business handle their accounting and auditing. The federal law was made coming off of a number of large corporations involved in scandals. For example a company like Enron was caught in accounting fraud in late 2001 when the company was using false financial statements. Once Enron was caught that had many lawsuits filed against them and had to file for bankruptcy. It was this scandal that played a big part in producing the Sarbanes-Oxley act in 2002.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act: What is it? The Sarbanes-Oxley act also goes by ‘Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act’ or also the
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The new Sarbanes-Oxley Act passed with flying colors. In the Senate it passed unanimously 99 to 0, while in the House of Representatives it passed 423 in favor, 3 opposed, and 8 abstaining. Later that year, on July 30, 2002, President George W. Bush signed off on it making it a law.
Why Was the Act Created?
Senator Paul Sarbanes and Representative Michael Oxley created the act to keep businesses from producing false financial documents just to get investors to invest into the company because it appears that the business is doing very well. Companies like Enron under this new act couldn’t produce the false accounting statements without first having an auditor coming in and checking over the inventories or book keeping data. Now investors can relax a little more and not worry that the financial statements are falsified or are generalized and rounded up to make the company look good. Investors can trust that the auditors are doing their job and verifying the books and data for those companies.
How Does the Act Affect the Business? It affects the businesses by making the corporate officers can interact with the auditors. The act gives more independence to outside auditors as well. With the new act every business should know that every financial statement they produce should be valid and able to be backed up. Businesses can no longer get off the hook for simply not knowing that they were

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