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The Sarbanes Oxley Act 's Purpose Essay

Decent Essays
According to Jennings (2015), the Sarbanes Oxley Act’s purpose is “An Act to protect investors by improving the accuracy and reliability of corporate disclosures made pursuant to the securities laws, and for other purposes” (p. 246). This act was enacted because of several major accounting scandals. One company with such a scandal was Enron.
Enron was one of the largest corporations in the United States. Enron was reporting revenues of over $100 billion, and its stock was being sold for $80 a share (Goethals, Sorenson, & Burns, 2004). However, it was using shady and unethical business practices, such as listing inflating its revenue and hiding debts in special purpose entities. Eventually, their faulty accounting caught up with them, and their market share plummeted. This was credited as one of the worst auditing failures.
This was but one of many accounting scandals, but it was possibly the worst. To help prevent something like this from happened again, the Sarbanes Oxley Act was passed. This act greatly increased the accountability of auditing firms, and it also increased penalties for acts such as defrauding shareholders, as well as faking, destroying, or altering records (Jennings, 2015).
Part 1 of Sarbanes Oxley created the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, which oversaw the audit of public companies, established auditing report standards and rules, and investigated, inspected, and enforced compliance with these rules (Jennings, 2015). Auditing companies must
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