The Schlieffen Plan For World War II

1655 Words7 Pages
When war was declared in 1914, the Germans had devised a plan to avoid fighting war on two fronts against both, Russia and France; the Schlieffen Plan. The plan however, did not solve Germany 's problem of a two-front war and the leadership of Helmuth von Moltke determined its failure, to a great extent but not entirely; erroneous assumptions that the plan was based on and countless mistakes made on the battlefield also contributed to its lack of success. The Schlieffen Plan was devised to prevent fighting war on two fronts, against France and Russia, aiming to defeat France before Russia could Mobilize. Both J.M Winter (1993, pg. 60) and M. McAndrew et al.(1997, pg. 56) agreed The plan was devised by Count Alfred von Schlieffen, Chief of…show more content…
Schlieffen had decided that the German forces were to advance into France via the undefended plains of neutral Belgium. Captain B. Morgan (2001, Pg.6), researcher at the USA Naval War Collage stated that if France were to attack Germany at Alsace-Lorraine Germany would have 48 divisions positioned at the border to hold the French off. While the remaining two thirds of the army, also know as the right flank entered France via Belgium. Then swing northwest around Paris and fold back upon the rear of the French forces, enveloping and crushing them against the forces of the German left flank. The key to the plan’s success and its primary strength was its sheer boldness in its swiftness and the quick defeat of France. Ken Webb (2012, pg.5), author of World War I From Sarajevo to Versailles commented that Schlieffen believed that the swing through Belgium had to be massive and rapid for the plan to be able to achieve such swiftness if the planned needed to be complete in forty-two days before Russian Mobilization. General Moltke’s Leadership and modification of the Schlieffen plan impacted the success of the plan greatly. He made a series of crucial alterations to the original plan, which proved unsuccessful. B. Morgan stated that (2001, pg.6) Moltke believed he wasn’t the right person for the
Open Document