The Scientific And Disciplined Inquiry Approach

757 Words Sep 16th, 2015 4 Pages
Introduction to Research Methodologies
According to Merriam -Webster (2015), research is the “investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws”. As stated by Ndunda (2004), “research helps to provide facts, reliable information or verifiable information instead of assumptions.” Research should be conducted in a structured, systematic manner. When conducting research, many researchers use the Scientific and Disciplined Inquiry Approach. By following a set of systematic steps, researchers are able to use both inductive and deductive reasoning to critically analyze topics of interest. These steps are known as the scientific method. The steps include: identify and analyze the problem, collect data, draw conclusions, and revise theories. This essay will define four types of research, discuss the strengths of each, and provide examples for two research methodologies.
Four Types of Research According to Johnson and Christensen (n.d.) “quantitative research relies primarily on the collection of quantitative data and the basic building blocks are variables.” Quantitative research fabricated by two major types known as experimental and nonexperimental research (Johnson & Christensen, Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research, n.d.). Johnson and Christensen (n.d.) persists to explain these types by providing…
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