The Scientific Revolution And The Ideas Of The Scientific Revolution

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Before the 18th century, scholars had already begun to dive into the study of the natural world. This movement, later known as the Scientific Revolution, created the foundation for what would later be the Enlightenment. Consequently, this understanding of modern science allowed for many Enlightenment thinkers and philosophers to translate these ideas to build upon pressing notions of the time like human rights, equality, and progress. These concepts transformed both elite and popular culture through which discussions on politics, the role of women, and the respective public sphere took shape. Furthermore, politics, especially enlightened absolutism, greatly impacted both the lives of the elite and those of the commoners. During this time, monarchs such as Frederick II and Joseph II, while still possessing their absolute power, tried their best to include absolutist ideas like tolerance and progress to connect with their people. For example, Frederick II through his desire to strengthen the state of Prussia allowed tolerance to his people on both religious and philosophical grounds. Not only did he grant acceptance but he also emphasized progress by improving schools and allowing scholars to publish their findings. It is clear that Frederick was “first [a] servant of the state” and by improving education his rule benefited the Prussian commoners many of who lacked higher learning or knowledge. In a similar way, Joseph II also allowed for a positive effect on popular culture
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