The Sculpture Bas Relief : Nemesis, Allat And The Dedicator

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Introduction The sculpture Bas-relief: Nemesis, Allat and the dedicator (c.) (figure1) was construction in 2nd or 3rd century AD in the Hejaz peninsula for the pagans to worship and blessings is considered conventional in its day. The sculpture contains three chief goddesses and daughters of ‘Allah’. While the maker is unknown, the sculptures were imported from the Eastern and the Western worlds. There was an influence from the western stone sculptures from Europe. Some of the goddesses were also imported from India. This certain type of goddesses usually belong to the historical period from 2nd century AD to late 5th century AD or until Muhammad’s prophecy(570 AD- 632AD. Currently these sculptures are located in Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon, France. We will analyse its social-cultural designation, its material and construction methods, iconography, and functions all contribute to its conventional label in blessings, worship, and….[3] Background The sculpture contains the three chief goddesses named: Al-lat, Al-Manat, and Al-Uzza. In the pre-Islamic era, the three sculptures were located inside the Kaaba including the other 360 deities representing the days of the year. There were also various temples to worship these three deities around the Arabian Peninsula. The Kaaba is located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia and was the center to pagan deities from the Hejaz peninsula. According to Islamic traditions, ‘Allah’ ordered the first man on Earth Adam (date) built the Kaaba, however it

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