The Search For Extraterrestrial Intelligence

1379 WordsJan 25, 20176 Pages
The search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) is a collective term for the scientific search for intelligent extraterrestrial life. After Copernicus, Darwin, and Einstein, another incredible revolution in thinking about our place in the universe is taking place, there have been many earlier searches for extraterrestrial intelligence within the Solar System, in accordance with the information obtained in the sources cited in the Reference section. First of all, in 1896, Nikola Tesla suggested that an extreme version of his wireless electrical transmission system could be used to contact beings on Mars, but it was lately proved wrong. Therefore, scientific investigation of the potential phenomenon began shortly after the advent of…show more content…
Therefore, in 1992, the U.S. government funded an operational SETI program, in the form of the NASA Microwave Observing Program (MOP). MOP was planned as a long-term effort to conduct a general survey of the sky and also carry out targeted searches of 800 specific nearby stars. MOP was to be performed by radio antennas associated with the NASA Deep Space Network as well as the 140-foot (43 m) radio telescope of J u a n F r a i l e , 7 t h G r a d e P a g e | 3 the National Radio Astronomy Observatory at Green Bank, West Virginia, and the 1,000- foot (300 m) radio telescope at the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico. But the United States Congress canceled MOP one year after its start. SETI advocates continued without government funding and in 1995 the nonprofit SETI Institute of Mountain View, California, resurrected the MOP program under the name of Project "Phoenix", backed by private sources of funding. Project Phoenix, under the direction of Jill Tarter, is a continuation from MOP and studies roughly 1,000 nearby Sun-like stars. From 1995 through March 2004, Phoenix conducted
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