The Search Process And Study Selection

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RESULTS Study Selection The search process and study selection are presented in a flow chart (Fig. S1). Thirty-nine articles were finally included. Among these, 14 measured either empathy or one or more of the key emotional competencies: identification of one’s own emotions, identification of other’s emotions and emotional acceptance. Study Characteristics Most studies (n=25; 64%) were conducted in the US; 14 studies were randomized controlled trials (RCT; 36%), 10 studies were quasi-experimental studies with control but no random allocation (29%) and 15 studies were pre-post designs with no control (38%). Intervention length ranged from 1 to 12 weeks. Table S2 provides information on each study design, sample, intervention, outcomes,…show more content…
All of the reviewed studies, except two, measured at least one mental health outcome. The most measured outcome in this category was HCPs’ perceived stress with 19/39 (49%) studies. 18/19 (95%) studies have found that MBSR decreases HCPs perceived stress. Burnout was the second most measured outcome, with 17 studies. 9/17 (53%) studies have found that MBSR reduces HCPs’ burnout. 10/11 (91%) studies have concluded MBSR to be effective in reducing anxiety in HCPs. 6/6 (100%) studies found MBSR to be effective in improving HCPs mental well-being. Overall, these results suggest that MBSR may impact HCPs’ mental health difficulties favorably. Physical Health and Physical Well-Being 4/39 (11%) studies measured the effect of MBSR on HCPs physical well-being. 1/4 (25%) study found MBSR to be useful in increasing physical well-being in HCPs. Mindfulness Outcomes Only seventeen studies of the review have measured the construct of mindfulness using 5 different questionnaires. 14/17 (82%) studies assessing mindfulness in HCPs, found that MBSR increased HCPs’ levels of mindfulness. 10/17 studies have used the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS)30, which measures dispositional attention and awareness of present moment experiences with a single total score. Four studies have used the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)31, which measures five domains of mindfulness (observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging of inner experience,
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