Essay about The Search for Low Carbon Cities in China

2663 Words11 Pages
Due to mass consumption and pollution, the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by Chinese cities have increased dramatically in the last few decade. Currently half of China's cities cannot meet the air quality standards, and one-third of its land is affected by acid rain (Zhang, 2007). In order to protect its people and nature from dangerous environmental threats, sustainable development of China's growing cities must become a top priority, and a key resolution is making them low carbon cities. Low carbon cities can be defined as urban development that minimises carbon production, improves capacities for adaptation to climate change, minimizes the negative impacts of climate change, improves human development, and…show more content…
The Chinese Central Government has already aware the importance to reducing the emission of CO2 by putting the development of low carbon cities as one of the top priorities at the National People's Congress and the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. That development is based on the recognition that the conventional Chinese path of encouraging economic growth at the expense of the environment had to be changed (Zhang 2007). As a result the concept of applying ecological principles to the planning of the cities has steadily gained momentum and start to attracted greater attentions. While cities may vary in terms of their scales, scope, approaches and focus, typically, low carbon cities adopts the following general planning and design approaches (Jain 2009): • Strong focus on reduction in energy consumption • Maximum usage of renewable energy such as wind, solar, hydroelectricity • Reduction in urban heart island effects. • Adoption of passive design principles in building construction. • Minimise the use of automobiles, instead use walking, cycling and public transits as modes of transportation. What mechanisms is available in China? Markets forces play a fundamental role in shaping the urban environment. China's industrial output has been growing at an average annual rate of over 11.4 per cent since the start of the economic reform in 1978 (Shi & Zhang 2006). The fuel that powered this industrial
Open Document