The Second Treatise Of Government

1695 Words Feb 22nd, 2016 7 Pages
In the Second Treatise of Government, Locke explains human beings’ right of private property as a natural, enforceable right that men are granted with in the state of Nature as part of his larger justification of the replacement of the state of Nature by civil governments. The basis of Locke’s interpretation of such right comes from God’s ownership of what God creates, including both human beings and worldly resources. While human beings’ ownerships of their bodies are granted directly through God, Locke laid out 3 main conditions to be sufficed in order to justify private appropriations of worldly resources. This paper will examine Locke’s premises regarding the state of Nature and his explanations of these conditions, compare them with Rousseau’s version of requirements for private holdings in The Social Contract, and at the same time discuss whether each condition for private appropriation is sufficient in his effort of justifying unlimited properties.

To begin with, Locke believes that at the state of nature, human beings are given the right of properties, and private appropriations can occur as long as they fulfill three main criteria. Such assumption allows Locke to discuss private properties without the interference of other parties, including civil governments. According to Locke, human beings and their private properties are protected by nature as God’s will to expect human beings to thrive and to develop, also driven by human beings’ natural rights of living and…
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