The Second Wave Of Gender Identity

2421 Words Jun 9th, 2016 10 Pages
Normalcy is an ever-changing concept in a variety of ways, and gender identity is among the primary areas in which the concept of “natural” or “normal” has been adapting very rapidly over the past century. First-wave feminists thought that woman and man were inherent (“normal”) categories, and that the two sexes (which were natural) had different characteristics. De Beauvoir, in turn, argues that women are made and remade through society’s continuous investment of cultural significance onto the bodies in which they are born, and sexed through direct differentiation from men. Judith Butler joined the gender debate when the second-wave sex and gender distinction reigned and was thought to parallel the distinction between nature and culture. Butler supports this second wave conception of gender, and she provides further support for it through her reading of Freud. Her analysis offers new support for the second wave’s conception of gender as a social construct, as well as new suggestions about how the process of social construction could take place.
Nineteenth century (or “first wave”) feminism marks the origins of feminist theory as it is studied today. First-wave feminists claimed that women deserved the same rights as men and their main political task was to win the vote for women. There were two distinct philosophical tactics that feminists typically used to argue for women’s rights. Some stated that women and men should enjoy the same sociopolitical status because men and…

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