The Second World War

2302 Words Apr 22nd, 2011 10 Pages
Second World War
World War II was one of the greatest struggles humanity has ever seen. This Second World War caused many lives to be lost, damaged personal properties and was expensive, for a great deal of money was required to maintain a country’s military strength. The numbers for those that have passed, been wounded or gone missing during the war could never be calculated precisely; though it has been estimated that more than 55 million lives perished. Many historians have traced the causes of World War II to the problems left unsolved by the First World War (1914-1918). World War I and the treaties that ended it also created new political and economic problems. Forceful leaders and dictators in several countries (Germany, Italy, and
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Many nationalists viewed foreigners and members of minority groups as inferior. Such beliefs helped nations justify their conquest of other lands and the poor treatment of minorities within their borders. Nationalism was a chief cause of World War I, and it grew even stronger after that war.
Nationalism went hand in hand with feelings of national displeasure. For instance, many Germans felt humiliated by their country's defeat in World War I and its harsh treatment under the Treaty of Versailles. During the 1930's, they enthusiastically supported an aggressive nationalistic organization called The Nazi Party. The Nazi Party declared that Germany had a right to become strong again. Besides Germany nationalism also gained strength in Italy and Japan.
The Peace of Paris established an international organization called The League of Nations to maintain peace. Each country backed its own interests at the expense of other countries which prevented The League from working effectively. Therefore only weak countries agreed to submit their disagreements to The League of Nations for settlement. While strong nations reserved the right to settle their disputes by threats or force.
The political unrest and poor economic conditions that developed after World War I enabled dictatorships to arise in several countries. Especially in those countries that lacked a tradition of democratic government. During the 1920's and
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