The Secularization of the Western World Essay

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Secularization is a controversial form of social change in modern day society. Secularization is a concept derived from a Latin word meaning “the present age,” the term is generally associated with modern, technologically, and advanced societies. “Secularism is a political tradition that has been evolving for eighteenth centuries. It shares important relationships with other traditions, sustaining complex ties with Judeo-Christianity, and maintaining a long-standing relationship with Islam” ( Hurd, 2004). The term secular has taken on many different meaning through history. The earliest references can be traced to the 13th century, when the notion of the saeculum arose in reference to a binary opposition within Christianity. Priests who…show more content…
Other theme that may be discussed within this paper is modernism in reference to its effect on creating Western secular. This paper will compare and contrast a religious perspective of the world to a secularism to highlight the benefit of each for a changing society. The western world as a secular society is human beings living and adopting the logic of science to better understand the natural world. As the Western World modernised, so did the views that people holds towards religion. The change that occurred due to capitalism brought about economic growth, industrialization and individualism which emphasize the value of materialism over spiritual enlightenment and growth, thus diminishes the fundamental of religion or Christianity within the Western world. There has been a shift in the Western world; Globalizing trends have rapidly changed the Western World. Every day the economic market is flooded with international laws, policies and there is more consumption of goods and material assets. This economic trend has changes the views on how people once lived and relate to others. Pennenberg, (2005) argues that, modernization began in Europe in the Renaissance and spread across North America. It brought with it the process of change, economic, social, and political systems. Religion had to be lessening in political decision making in order for change to take place. With religion there were no concrete answers to social problems and social capital building.
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