The Segregated School Systems Throughout The United States

1395 WordsNov 4, 20146 Pages
The segregated school systems throughout the United States led to questioning the lawfulness of the school districts’ refusal to integrate public schools. Oliver Brown was a representative-plaintiff and a parent of a black child who was rejected by a white school in Topeka, Kansas. On her way to school every morning, Brown’s daughter would pass several white schools before reaching her one room schoolhouse reserved for schooling the black children. According to Brown, the Kansas school system was in breech of the Constitution’s Equal Protection Clause. Both the facilities and the opportunities that his daughter might find in her school were inferior without the possibility of ever being equal. However, the federal district court ruled with the Kansas school board. By referencing the “separate but equal” doctrine in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Kansas public schools were equal enough to be considered constitutional. As black families across the nation searched for equality for their children, other district courts were also deciding cases based on the rationale “separate but equal”. Discontent with the decisions made by the various lower courts, the NAACP, a major civil rights organization, consolidated cases from Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Delaware and appealed to the Supreme Court in a case known as Brown v. Board of Education. Through evaluation of segregation’s psychological effects, the protection offered by the Fourteenth Amendment, and the “separate
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